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What comprises spinal?

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Human Spine

The spine of the Human body is a remarkable combination of strong bones, flexible ligaments, tendons, large muscles, and nerves. The spine is a central support structure that enables a person to perform uncountable functions. This juxtaposition of strength and flexibility provides mobility to the person on many different planes.

What comprises spinal?

Vertebrates are individual bones that interlock to form the spinal column. These 33 vertebrates are part of four different segments of the spinal cord. Vertebrates behave differently in four sections of the spine. Vertebrates of the sacrum and coccyx are fused, while above 24 vertebrates are moveable.

Facet joints allow the vertebrates to slide against each other as they have cartilages. The facet joints let the person twist and turn, and they provide flexibility and stability.

strong>Intervertebral discs are flat, round cushions between vertebrae. These discs act as shock absorbers and are under constant pressure. Thus more prone to wear and tear that causes painful bulging, slipped, or ruptured disks.

Spinal cords travel through the spinal canals and extend from the skull to the lower back. Nerves branch out from vertebral openings and carry messages between the brain and muscles.

Ligaments and tendons provide support to the back and facilitate movement.

Know your Spinal structure

The healthy spine of the human body is S-shaped. The curvy structure spine has allowed the backbone to absorb shocks and protect the spine from injuries. Four major regions of the spine are cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral.

The cervical region constitutes seven vertebrates that grow small in size as they get close to the skull. This portion of the spine makes an inward C shape. It protects the nerves that run from the brain to the rest of the body.

The middle chest, known as the thoracic region, has 12 vertebrates. It makes a backward C-shape called the kyphotic curve. The rib cage is firmly attached to each level of the thoracic spine. It provides stability and structural support to the upper back and allows very little motion. The cage structure that the thoracic region has helps to protect the vital organs of the heart and lungs.

The lower part of the spine comprises five vertebrates. It supports the upper part of the spine and carries the weight of the torso. The lumbar spine bends inward to create a C-shaped lordotic curve.

Below the lumbar spine is a sacral region. It makes the back part of the pelvis. This bottom portion of the spine is a triangular shape that fits between the two halves of the pelvis, connecting the spine to the lower half of the body.

During pregnancy, these five sacral vertebrae fuse as a baby develops in the womb. The sacrum and hip bones form a ring called the pelvic girdle.  The tail bone is at the bottom part of the sacral region. It consists of four fused vertebrates to which Pelvic floor muscles and ligaments attach.

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